# NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes Around Us

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes Around Us are available here with free PDF. These solutions include answers to all exercise questions given in the NCERT textbook. NCERT solutions for class 6 science Chapter 6 contain various type of questions like match the following, fill in the blanks, MCQ and long answer questions.

All these solutions are prepared by expert teachers with detailed explanations of every important topic. It is important for the students to go through these NCERT solutions to get knowledge of the type of question asked in the chapter.

## Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes Around Us Questions and Answers PDF

Exercise Questions

Question 1: To walk through a waterlogged area, you usually shorten the length of your dress by folding it. Can this change be reversed?

Answer: Yes, by unfolding the dress this change can be reversed.

Question 2: You accidentally dropped your favourite toy and broke it. This is a change you did not want. Can this change be reversed?

Answer: No, it cannot be reversed, so it is an irreversible change.

Question 3: Some changes are listed in the following table. For each change, write in the blank column, whether the change can be reversed or not.

Question 4: A drawing sheet changes when you draw a picture on it. Can you reverse this change?

Answer: It is all depends on situations:

• By erasing the drawing we can undo the change. For example, if we draw with the help of a pencil, we can erase the drawing by using an eraser. Then, it is a reversible change.
• If we draw using a pen, we cannot erase the drawing. Then this change cannot be reversed, so it is an irreversible change.

Question 5: Give examples to explain the difference between changes that can or cannot be reversed.

• Melting of Ice into water. By freezing the water we can obtain ice again.
• Folding a paper: By unfolding it, we can undo the change.
• Hot milk to cold milk: By boiling milk, we can make it warm.

Example of Irreversible Changes:

• Burning of candle.
• Bursting of crackers.
• Cutting of trees.

Question 6: A thick coating of a paste of Plaster of Paris (POP) is applied over the bandage on a fractured bone. It becomes hard on drying to keep the fractured bone immobilised. Can the change in POP be reversed?

Answer: When water is added to POP, it undergoes a chemical change. Its composition changes and is converted into another substance. Since it is a chemical change, so it cannot be reversed.

Question 7: A bag of cement lying in the open gets wet due to rain during the night. The next day the sun shines brightly. Do you think the changes, which have occurred in the cement, could be reversed?

Answer: Due to water, the cement hardens and its composition changes. Since it is a chemical change which cannot be reversed.

## Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes Around Us Extra Questions

Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes Around Us From Extra Questions section includes multiple choice questions (MCQs), short and answer type questions etc. All these questions are very important from examination point of view.

Extra Questions

### Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

(i) Which of the following changes can be reversed?

(a) Raw egg to boiled egg
(b) Wet clothes to dry clothes
(c) Bud to flower
(d) Cow dung to biogas

Answer: (b) Wet clothes to dry clothes

(ii) Which of the following changes cannot be reversed?

(a) Milk to paneer
(b) Cold milk to hot milk
(c) Yam to knitted sweater
(d) Wet clothes to dry clothes

(iii) Metal rim is fixed to the wooden cart wheel by

(a) heating metal rim
(b) heating wooden wheel
(c) cooling metal rim
(d) cooling wooden wheel

(iv) On heating metal rim

(a) expands
(b) contracts
(c) depends how much it is heated
(d) depends on the type of meted

(v) Which one of the steps while burning a candle is not reversible?

(a) Melting of solid wax
(b) liquid wax changes into vapours
(c) Wax vapour bums into flame
(d) All of these

Answer: (c) Wax vapour bums into flame

(vi) Which is a way to make a change happen?

(a) Heating a substance
(b) Cooling a substance
(c) Mixing a substance with another substance
(d) All of these

(vii) Rusting of iron is an example of

(a) slow change
(b) fast change
(c) reversible change
(d) physical change

(viii) Conversion of a solid to liquid by heating is called

(a) evaporation
(b) melting
(c) condensation
(d) freezing

(ix) Which of the following is not a man-made change?
(a) Change of day and night
(b) Burning of fuels
(c) Drying of clothes
(d) Tearing of paper

Answer: (a) Change of day and night

(x) Which of the following is a chemical change?
(a) Evaporation of water
(b) Burning of fuels
(c) Moving of a wheel
(d) Breaking of a brick

### Short Type Questions and Answers

Question 1. What are the differences between reversible changes and irreversible changes?

Answer: The differences between reversible changes and irreversible changes:

Question 2. Can you obtain wood from sawdust?

Answer: No, because it is an irreversible change.

Question 3. Can we say that ironing of a cloth is a reversible change? Give reasons.

Answer: Ironing removes the wrinkles of the clothes, which can come back in the same condition. Hence, ironing of a cloth is a reversible change.

Question 4. Can deforestation be considered as a reversible change?

Answer: No, deforestation can’t be considered as a reversible change because no same tree can be planted after cutting.

Question 5. Is printing a reversible or an irreversible change?

Answer: Printing is an irreversible change because we cannot separate and collect the printing ink after printing.

Question 6. Give two examples each of reversible and irreversible changes.

Answer: Reversible changes: Melting of wax and stretching of a rubber band.
Irreversible changes: Burning of a paper and growth of plants.

Question 7. State whether burning of a piece of paper is a reversible or an irreversible change.

Answer: When we burn a piece of paper, it changes into ash and smoke. We cannot combine the ash and smoke to form the original piece of paper. So the burning of a piece of paper is an irreversible change.

Question 8. Classify the following as reversible or irreversible changes:
(i) Growth of a plant
(ii) Ploughing a field,
(ii) Melting of wax
(iv) Falling of rain
(v) Pulling of rubber string
(vi) Breaking of a glass rod
(mi) Cooking of food.

Reversible changes: (ii), (iii), (v)
Irreversible changes: (i), (iv), (vi), (vii).

Question 9. How does curd set? Is this change reversible?

Answer: A small quantity of curd is added to warm milk. The milk is stirred and is set aside undisturbed for a few hours at a warm place. In a few hours, the milk changes into curd. Curd formed from milk cannot be changed into milk again. So, this is an irreversible change.

Question 10. What are fast and slow changes?

Answer: Fast changes take place over a short duration of time.
Slow changes take a longer duration of time to complete.

Question 11. Formation of clouds is a physical change. Explain.

Answer: Formation of clouds is a physical change as it is phase transformation cycle of natural water from liquid to gas and then, gas to liquid. Hence, the property of water never changes in clouds form.

Question 12. Explosion of a cracker is a chemical change. Explain.

Answer: Explosion of crackers is a chemical change because the explosive reactants are transformed into gaseous products along with heat and light and thus cannot be reversed. Hence, it is a chemical change.

Question 13. What is charring of sugar? Is it a chemical change?

Answer: When sugar is continuously heated in the porcelain dish, it becomes foggy due to water vapour. A black powdery substance is left behind, which is charcoal. This process is also called charring of sugar and this is a chemical change.

Question 14. Give some examples of changes which take place on their own.

Answer: Many changes are taking place around us on their own. For example:

• Ripening of crops in the fields.
• Leaves fall from trees.
• Flowers bloom and then wither away.
• Growing of hair and nail.

Question 15. Does, like all other liquids, water expand on heating and contract on cooling?

Answer: No, water is an exception. Water contracts on cooling till 4°C but expands when cooled further down from 4°C to 0°C.

Question 16. List few ways to bring a change.

• Heating or cooling
• Mixing two or more substances
• By applying force etc.

Question 17. Explain how a metal rim slightly smaller than a wooden wheel can be fixed on it.

Answer: The metal rim is always made slightly smaller than the wooden wheel. The metal rim is heated; on heating, the rim expands and fits onto the wheel. Cold water is then poured over the rim. Due to cooling, rim contracts and fits tightly over the wheel.

### Long Type Questions and Answers

Question 1. Match the following items given in Column A with that in Column B:

Question 2. What are reversible and irreversible changes?

Reversible changes: The changes which can be brought back to its original form are known as reversible changes. For example, melting of wax and stretching of a rubber band.

Irreversible changes: The changes in which the matter cannot be brought back to its original state are known as irreversible changes. For example, burning of paper changes it into ash and smoke. Paper cannot be obtained back from ash and smoke.

Question 3. Define physical and chemical changes. Give examples.

Answer: Physical change: Physical change is a temporary change in which chemical composition of the substance does not change and no new substance is formed.

During a physical change, only the physical properties of a substance change.
It is a reversible change. For example, melting of ice, during this change, the water changes from its solid form to liquid form. It can be solidified again. The water remains water in both the cases.

Chemical change: A chemical change is a permanent change in which not.
only the physical properties but chemical properties also change. It is an irreversible change. For example, formation of curd from milk, rusting of iron, etc.

Question 4. Give some examples of physical and chemical changes.

Tearing of sheet of paper into pieces, melting of ice, change of water into steam, breaking of glass tumbler, glowing of electric bulb, dissolution of sugar or salt in water.

Examples of chemical changes:
Burning of paper, wood, candle, etc., formation of curd from milk, cooking of food, rusting of iron and mixing of vinegar with baking soda, electrolysis of water.

Question 5. Classify the following changes in as many ways as you can:

1. Breaking of a brick with a hammer.
2. Beating of heart.
3. Germination of a seed.
4. Burning of an incense-stick (agarbatti).
5. Occurrence of solar eclipse.

1. Physical change, irreversible change.
2. Periodic change, irreversible change.
3. Irreversible change,
4. Irreversible change, chemical change.
5. Irreversible change.

Question 6. Most physical changes are reversible. Give reasons with two examples.

Answer: Melting of ice: During this change, the water changes from its solid form to liquid form. It can be solidified again. The water remains water in both cases, hence reversible.

Glowing of an electric bulb: During this change, electricity is passed through the tungsten filament which becomes white hot and glows, but when the switch is off, the filament returns to its original shape and condition, hence totally reversible

Question 7. Give some examples from daily life where expansion of metal by heating is used. Explain.

Answer: Fixing of a metal rim on an wooden wheel and fixing of wooden handles in iron blade in agricultural tools are such examples.

The iron blade of these tools has a ring in which the wooden handle is fixed. Normally, the ring is slightly smaller in size than the wooden handle. To fix the handle, the ring is heated and it becomes slightly larger in size (expands). Now, the handle easily fits into the ring. When the ring cools down, it contracts and fits tightly onto the handle.

Such a change is also used for fixing the metal rim on a wooden wheel of a cart as. Again the metal rim is made slightly smaller than the wooden wheel. On heating, the rim expands and fits onto the wheel. Cold water is then poured over the rim, which contracts and fits tightly onto the wheel.

Important topics covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 6 Changes around us

• Can all changes always be reversed?
• Could there be other ways to bring a change?
• Some common changes
• Evaporation
• Expansion
• Contraction
• Melting