NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 What is Government contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the civics book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 What is Government Questions and Answers
Question 1: What do you understand by the word ‘government’? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
Answer: An individual or a group of individuals that governs a political unit (such as a state, country or kingdom) is known as a government. The government takes decisions, makes laws, enforces the laws and penalises the individuals or groups that go against the laws.
The functions of the government include:
(i) Providing various services like the supply of water and electricity, free education, health services, proper roads, etc.
(ii) Maintaining the internal law and order
(iii) Protecting the country against external aggression
(iv) Maintaining peaceful relations with other countries
(v) Providing aid to the deprived and the underprivileged
(vi) Securing equality and justice for all sections of society
(vii) Ensuring and maintaining the economic growth of the country
Five ways in which the government affects one’s daily life:
(i) Supplying water and electricity
(ii) Laying, maintaining and repairing roads
(iii) Providing a good public transport system
(iv) Guaranteeing proper internal security
(v) Ensuring the proper functioning of its various administrations
Question 2: Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
Answer: It is necessary to make rules in the form of laws as:
- It prevents the misuse of their power.
- It ensures the security of the nation.
- It helps the people to lead a normal life
- It helps in proper functioning of the Government
Question 3: Name two essential features of a democratic government.
Answer: The two essential features of a democratic government are:
- People elect their candidate themselves through elections
- Government has to answer for its actions.
Question 4: What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
Answer: The suffrage movement refers to the women’s struggle to attain the right to vote. Women’s struggle to vote got strengthened during the First World War. As many men were away fighting, women were called upon to do work that was earlier considered to be men’s work. This led to the questioning of the many unfair stereotypes about women. Finally, after much struggle, the American women got the right to vote in 1920, while their counterparts in the UK attained this right in 1928.
Question 5: Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don’t share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
Answer: Yes, in my point of view this a kind of discrimination as
- At the time of freedom everybody fought for it so why this discrimination now for electing a candidate.
- They will feel neglected as they will not be able to participate in the Government.
- It is totally a conflict to the idea of equality of democracy
- Every adult is given right to vote
- People are not illiterate or poor by their choice