NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Panchayati Raj contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the civics book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 PDF
Class 6 Civics (Social and Political Life – I) Chapter 5 Questions and Answers
Question 1: What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
Answer: The problems faced by the villagers of Hardas are:
- Shortage of water
- Women had to go to 3 Km away from the village to river Suru to get water
- Hand pump water level has gone down regular level
The solutions they found are:
- Piping water from the River Suru
- Deepen the Handpumps
- Final solution they found of conserving the water
Question 2: What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
Answer: Gram Sabha is a great importance as:
- They elect the members of Gram Panchayat.
- They can keep a check on Gram Panchayat.
- Problems and solutions can be discussed in the meeting
Yes, all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings as daily problems can be discussed and solutions can be found in the meetings. Moreover, the welfare programs can be discussed.
Question 3: What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer: The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all the adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat. The members of the Gram Sabha elect the members of the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Sabha is the place where all the plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people. Once the issues are raised and discussed in the Gram Sabha, the Gram Panchayat holds its meeting wherein it discusses and decides upon the issues and proposals put forth in the Gram Sabha meeting.
The Gram Panchayat meets regularly and one of its main tasks is to implement development programmes for all the villages that come under it. Its work has to be approved by the Gram Sabha. In some states, Gram Sabhas form committees that include some members of the Gram Sabha and some from the Gram Panchayat, who work together to carry out specific tasks like construction and development.
Question 4: Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/nearby rural area and find out the following:
(a) Why it was taken up.
(b) Where the money came from.
(c) Whether or not the work has been completed.
Answer: Task done:
Permanent solution of shortage of water.
(a) Acute shortage of water in village Rampur.
(b) Major parts came from the funds from government and minor was given by taxes collected by Gram Panchayat.
(c) The work was completed. Two ponds were deepened. Arrangements were made to flow rain water into the ponds.
Question 5: What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer: Gram Panchayat: Its members are elected be the people of the village.
Gram Sabha: It is the meeting of Gram Panchayat. All adults are the members of Gram Sabha.
Question 6: Read the following news item.
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula-Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not, meant for the lower castes.
Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
(a) Why was Bhagvan beaten?
(b) Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
Answer: (a) Bhagvan was beaten for insisting that the water in the tanker be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. However, the upper caste men were against this idea as they believed the tanker was not meant for the lower castes. As a result of this difference in opinion, a group of seven men beat Bhagvan with sticks, iron rods and axes.
(b) The above is a classic case of discrimination on the basis of caste.
Question 7: Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area.
Answer: A geographical area that drains to a common point is called a watershed or a catchment. A watershed is a perfect place for conservation of soil and water. A watershed provides a huge supply of water which has accumulated at a point. Also, fertile soil is deposited around this point. Watershed development is important for the overall growth and development of a village. It benefits the area by making the land fertile. It makes the growth of trees possible. It also helps in checking soil erosion and water logging.