NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Civics Social Science Chapter 9 Urban Livelihoods

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science CivicsChapter 9 Urban Livelihoods contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the civics book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Civics Chapter 9 PDF

Class 6 Civics (Social and Political Life – I) Chapter 9 Questions and Answers

Question 1: Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk. Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay ₹ 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

Answer:

  • Most workers living condition is very bad.
  • They cannot afford permanent accommodation so sleep on pavements near the chowk or pay ₹ 6 a night for a bed at a nearby shelter run by Municipal Corporation.
  • They do not have permanent jobs.
  • Local tea and cigarette shops work as banks for them and also keep their tools for the night for safekeeping.
  • Labours take loan from these shops.

Question 2: Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

NamePlace of workEarningsSecurity of workBenefit RecievedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu Manjhi ₹ 100 a day   
Harpreet Vandana     
Nimala  No security  
SudhaCompany    

Answer:

NamePlace of workEarningsSecurity of workBenefit RecievedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu ManjhiRickshaw Puller₹ 100 a dayNo securityNo BenifitWork on their own
Harpreet VandanaGarment ShowroomGood EarningsYes. License to do businessGrowth in the businessWork on their own
NimalaGarment Factory₹80 per day for 8 hoursNo security₹ 40 for extraEmployed
SudhaCompany₹30000 p.mSecuredPaid leave, Medical facilities, PF etc.Employed

Question 3: In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.

Answer:

 Permanent jobCasual job
Working hoursFixedvariable
Job SecuritySecuredNot secured
PaymentsFixedNot fixed
Paid holidays and leavesYesNo
Extra benefitsYesNo

Question 4: What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Answer: Apart from a regular salary every month, Sudha gets the following benefits.

(i) Savings for old age: A part of her salary is kept in a government fund on which she earns regular interest. She can utilise this money when she retires.

(ii) Paid holidays: She gets leave on Sundays and national holidays. She also gets some days as annual leave. She gets medical leave if she falls ill.

(iii) Medical facilities: Her company pays the medical expenses up to a certain amount for her and her family members.

Question 5: Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which you visit frequently.

Name of the shop or officeNature of the service provided
1. Kurana MedicoseMedicines
2. Patanjali StoreKirana items & daily needs items
3. JMD storeConfectionary items
4. Roll-E RollsFast/Junk food Items

Answer:

Name of the shop or officeNature of the service provided
1. Kurana MedicoseMedicines
2. Patanjali StoreKirana items & daily needs items
3. JMD storeConfectionary items
4. Roll-E RollsFast/Junk food Items

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