NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth System contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the geography book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 PDF

Class 6 Geography (The Earth: Our Habitat) Chapter 6 Questions and Answers

Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the major landforms?

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

(c) What are the different types of mountains?

(d) How are mountains useful to man?

(e) How are plains formed?

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?

Answer:

(a) The major landforms are

  • Mountains
  • Plateaus
  • Plains

(b)

MountainPlateau
A mountain is any natural elevation of the earth surface.A plateau is an elevated flat land.
It is considerably higher than the surrounding area.It is a flat-topped table land standing above the surrounding area
Mountains have peaksPlateaus are flattened highlands.

(c) The different types of mountains are

  • Fold
  • Block
  • Volcanic

(d) Mountains are very useful to man in the following ways:

  • The mountains are a storehouse of water. Many rivers have their source in the glaciers in the mountains.
  • Mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna.
  • Mountains provide an idyllic site for tourists.
  • Several sports like paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting and skiing are popular in the mountains.
  • The forests provide fuel, fodder, shelter and other products like gum, raisins, etc.

(e) Plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them. They can’t forward the eroded material. Then they deposit their load consisting of stones, sand and silt along their courses and in their valleys. It is from these deposits that plains are formed.

(f) A lot of flat lands are available in plains. Also, the available land is generally fertile. Hence, plains are the most useful areas for human habitation as well as for cultivation. Transport network can also be easily constructed in plains. Thus, plains are very thickly populated regions of the world.

(g) Mountains have very harsh cold climate. The slopes of the mountains are very steep. Also, mountains offer very little land for farming. For these reasons, mountains are thinly populated.

Question 2: Tick the correct answer.

(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of

(i) elevation
(ii) slope
(iii) aspect

Answer: (i) elevation

(b) Glaciers are found in

(i) the mountains
(ii) the plains
(iii) the plateaus

Answer: (i) the mountains

(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in

(i) Kenya
(ii) Australia
(iii) India

Answer: (iii) India

(d) The river Yangtze flows in

(i) South America
(ii) Australia
(iii) China

Answer: (iii) China

(e) An important mountain range of Europe is

(i) the Andes
(ii) the Alps
(iii) the Rockies

Answer: (ii) the Alps

Question 3: Fill in the blanks.

1. A _______ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of ________ types of mountains.

3. _______ areas are rich in mineral deposits.

4. The ____________ is a line of mountains.

5. The _______ areas are most productive for farming.

Answer:

1. A Plain is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of fold types of mountains.

3. Plateau areas are rich in mineral deposits.

4. The Range is a line of mountains.

5. The Plain areas are most productive for farming.

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