NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography Chapter 8 India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the geography book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 PDF
Class 6 Geography (The Earth: Our Habitat) Chapter 8 Questions and Answers
Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?
(b) Name the different seasons in India.
(c) What is natural vegetation?
(d) Name the different types of vegetation found in India.
(e) What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?
(f) Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest?
(a) The monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. In India, agriculture is dependent on rains. Good monsoons mean adequate rain and a bountiful crop.
(b) The different seasons in India are
- Winter Season: December to February
- Summer Season: March to May
- Rainy Season: June to September
- Autumn Season: October to November
(c) The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.
(d) Vegetation of India can be divided into five types –
- Tropical evergreen forest
- Tropical deciduous forest
- Thorny bushes
- Mountain vegetation
- Mangrove forests.
(e) Evergreen forest: They always appear green that is why they are called Evergreen forest Important trees found in these forests are mahogany, ebony and rosewood.
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-Eastern states and a narrow strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats are home of these forests. They are so dense that sunlight doesn’t reach the ground.
- These forests are less dense.
- Important trees of these forests are Sal, Teak, Peepal, Neem and Shisham.
- They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and in parts of Maharashtra.
- These forests are called monsoon forest.
(f) The tropical rainforests are also called evergreen forests as they remain green throughout the year. This is because they shed their leaves at different times of the year.
Question 2: Tick the correct answers.
(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
Answer: (iii) Mawsynram
(b) Mangrove forests can thrive in
(i) saline water
(ii) fresh water
(iii) polluted water
Answer: (i) saline water
(c) Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in
(i) mangrove forests
(ii) tropical deciduous forests
(iii) tropical evergreen forests
Answer: (iii) tropical evergreen forests
(d) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests
Answer: (i) Himalayan region
(e) During the south-west monsoon period, the moisture-laden winds blow from
(i) land to sea
(ii) sea to land
(iii) plateau to plains
Answer: (ii) sea to land
Question 3: Fill in the blanks.
(a) Hot and dry winds known as _____ blow during the day in the summers.
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of ______
(c) ____ forest in Gujarat is the home of _______
(d) ______ is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
(e) _____ are also called monsoon forests.
(a) Hot and dry winds known as Loo blow during the day in the summers.
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoons.
(c) Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic Lion.
(d) Sundari is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
(e) Tropic deciduous forests are also called monsoon forests.