NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife contains answers to the exercise questions given in the “Our Environment”. All the answers provided here are accurate and simple that will help you understand the concepts easily and continue your studies without a doubt. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers are provided here in PDF format.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 6 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Questions and Answers
Question 1: Answer the following questions.
(i) Which are the two factors on which the growth of vegetation mostly depends?
Answer: The growth of vegetation depends on two factors: temperature and moisture.
(ii) Which are the three broad categories of natural vegetation?
Answer: The three broad categories of natural vegetation are:
(iii) Name the two hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forest.
Answer: Rosewood and ebony are hardwood trees commonly found in tropical evergreen forests.
(iv) In which part of the world are tropical deciduous forests found?
Answer: Tropical deciduous forests are found in India, Central America and Northern Australia.
(v) In which climatic conditions are citrus fruits cultivated?
Answer: Citrus fruits are known to be cultivated in the Mediterranean climate. They grow best in the regions that have hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.
(vi) Mention the uses of coniferous forest.
Answer: Coniferous forests are home to softwood evergreen trees. This wood is used for making pulp, which is used for manufacturing paper and newsprint. It is also used for making matchboxes and packing boxes.
(vii) In which part of the world is seasonal grassland found?
Answer: Seasonal grasslands can be found in the mid latitudinal zone and in the interior parts of the continent.
Question 2: Tick the correct answer.
(i) Mosses and Lichens are found in:
(a) Desert Vegetation
(b) Tropical evergreen forest
(c) Tundra vegetation
Solution: (c) Tundra vegetation
(ii) Thorny bushes are found in:
(a) Hot and humid tropical climate
(b) Hot and dry desert climate
(c) Cold polar climate
Solution: (b) Hot and dry desert climate
(iii) In tropical evergreen forest, one of the common animals is:
Solution: (a) Monkey
(iv) One important variety of coniferous forest is:
Solution: (b) Pine
(v) Steppe grassland is found in
(a) S. Africa
(c) Central Asia
Solution: (c) Central Asia
Question 3: Match the following.
|(i) Walrus||(a) Soft wood tree|
|(ii) Cedar||(b) An animal of tropical deciduous forest|
|(iii) Olives||(c) A polar animal|
|(iv) Elephants||(d) Temperate grassland in Australia|
|(v) Campos||(e) Thorny shrubs|
|(vi) Downs||(f) A citrus fruit|
|(g) Tropical grassland of Brazil|
|(i) Walrus||(c) A polar animal|
|(ii) Cedar||(a) Soft wood tree|
|(iii) Olives||(f) A citrus fruit|
|(iv) Elephants||(b) An animal of tropical deciduous forest|
|(v) Campos||(g) Tropical grassland of Brazil|
|(vi) Downs||(d) Temperate grassland in Australia|
Question 4: Give reasons.
(i) The animals in polar region have thick fur and thick skin.
Answer: The Polar region is characterised by extremely cold weather. The animals found in this region have thick fur and thick skin to protect themselves from the cold climatic conditions.
(ii) Tropical deciduous trees shed their leaves in the dry season.
Answer: Tropical deciduous forests are found in large parts of India, Northern part of Australia and America. Such areas experience seasonal changes and hence the tropical deciduous trees shed their leaves in the dry season to save water.
(iii) The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place.
Answer: The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place, because of the change in climatic condition, landform, temperature and moisture. Different types of plants and animals can survive in different types of vegetation.