NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Social Science Chapter 7 Human, Environment Settlement, Transport and Communication

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human, Environment Settlement, Transport and Communication contains answers to the exercise questions given in the “Our Environment”. All the answers provided here are accurate and simple that will help you understand the concepts easily and continue your studies without a doubt. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers are provided here in PDF format.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Geography Chapter 7 Human, Environment Settlement, Transport and Communication Questions and Answers

Question 1: Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the four means of transport?

Answer: The four means of transport are as follows:

  • Roadways
  • Railways
  • Waterways
  • Airways

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

Answer: Settlement is referred to a place where people buil

d their homes permanently or temporarily.

(iii) Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?

Answer: Activities like agriculture, fishing, forestry, crafts work, trading, etc are practised by the rural people.

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways.

Answer: Two merits of railways are as follows:

  • Heavy goods can be transported to longer distances within a shorter period of time
  • It is a cheaper means of transport

(v) What do you understand by communication?

Answer: Communication is the process of conveying messages to others.

(vi) What is mass media?

Answer: Mass media is the collection of the modes of communication through which one can communicate with a large number of people. Radio, television, newspapers are examples of the phenomenon of mass media.

Question 2: Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?

(a) telephone
(b) books
(c) table

Solution: (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

(a) fly over
(b) expressways
(c) subways

Solution: (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

(a) ship
(b) train
(c) car

Solution: (a) ship

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment

(a) cycle
(b) bus
(c) aeroplane

Solution: (a) cycle

Question 3: Match the following.

(i) Internet(a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(ii) Canal route(b) closely built area of houses
(iii) Urban areas(c) houses on stilts
(iv) Compact settlement(d) inland waterway
(e) a means of communication

Answer:

(i) Internet(e) a means of communication
(ii) Canal route(d) inland waterway
(iii) Urban areas(a) areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(iv) Compact settlement(b) closely built area of houses

Question 4: Give reasons.

(i) Today’s world is shrinking.

Answer: The ever-increasing network of roads, railways, airways and waterways, coupled with the progress in transportation and communication, has made the world a small place. Distantness and remoteness are fast becoming the words of a bygone era. In today’s world, the distances and the time required to travel the same has shrunk manifold. Communication technologies like cellular phones, email, web cameras, SMS and WhatsApp have made trans-continental communication possible for individuals. The Internet has become a major means of communication as well as dissemination of information. This interconnectivity of people, services and institutions spread across the world has brought the world closer, effectively turning it into a ‘global village’.  Hence, one can say that ‘today’s world is shrinking’.

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