NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 3 Synthetic Fibres and Plastics helps students to clear all their doubts. These solutions provide you with the answers to all the questions given in the NCERT textbook. CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 3 Solutions is prepared by expert teachers as per the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.
Solving NCERT Solutions will help you to understand the concepts related to Synthetic Fibres and Plastics. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 3 contains an in-depth explanation of each question of NCERT Science textbook. These solutions cover important concepts in different patterns like MCQs and short answer questions, worksheets and more and help you top score good marks in the exam.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 3 Synthetic Fibres and Plastics PDF
Question 1: Explain why some fibres are called synthetic.
Answer: Some fibres which are not natural (man-made fibres) called synthetic because they are made by chemical processing of petrochemicals. The synthetic fibres are made up of very large units called polymers. Some of the synthetic fibres are rayon, nylon and acrylon.
Question 2. Mark the correct answer.
Rayon is different from synthetic fibres because
(a) it has a silk-like appearance.
(b) it is obtained from wood pulp.
(c) its fibres can also be woven like those of natural fibres.
Answer: (b) it is obtained from wood pulp.
Question 3: Fill in the blanks with appropriate words.
(a) Synthetic fibres are also called __________ or __________ fibres.
(b) Synthetic fibres are synthesised from raw material called __________.
(c) Like synthetic fibres, plastic is also a __________
Answer: (a) Synthetic fibres are also called artificial or manmade fibres.
(b) Synthetic fibres are synthesised from raw material called petrochemicals.
(c) Like synthetic fibres, plastic is also a polymer.
Question 4: Give examples which indicate that nylon fibres are very strong.
Answer 4: Nylon is a very strong fibre that is why nylon is used for making parachutes, rock climbing ropes, fishing nets seat belts etc. A nylon thread is elastic and light but actually stronger than a steel wire.
Question 5: Explain why plastic containers are favoured for storing food.
Answer: Plastic containers are favoured for storing food for the following reasons:
- Plastic containers are light weight so they are easy to handle.
- The price of plastic containers is very less as compared to other containers.
- They have good strength.
- Plastic containers are durable.
Question 6: Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics.
Answer: Difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics:
|Sl. No||Thermoplastic||Thermosetting plastics|
|1.||Plastic which gets deformed easily on heating and can be bent easily are known as thermoplastics.||Plastics which when moulded once, cannot be softened by heating. These are called thermosetting plastics.|
|2.||Polythene and PVC are some of the examples of thermoplastics.||Two examples are Bakelite and Melamine.|
|3.||These are used for manufacturing toys, combs and various types of containers.||Bakelite is used for making electrical switches, handles of various utensils, etc. Melamine is used for making floor tiles, kitchenware and fabrics which resist fire.|
Question 7: Explain why the following are made of thermosetting plastics.
(a) Saucepan handles
(b) Electric plugs/switches/plugboards
Answer: (a) Melamine (a thermosetting plastics) resists fire and can tolerate heat better than other plastics. So, it is used for making Saucepan handles, which resist fire.
(b) Bakelite (a thermosetting plastics) is a poor conductor of heat and electricity. So, it is used for making Electric plugs, switches, plugboards, etc.
Question 8: Categorise the materials of the following products into ‘can be recycled’ and ‘cannot be recycled’ Telephone instruments, plastic toys, cooker handles, carry bags, ball point pens, plastic bowls, plastic covering on electrical wires, plastic chairs and electrical switches.
Answer: Plastic toys, carry bags, ballpoint pens, plastic bowls, plastic covering on electrical wires and plastic chairs can be recycled as these are the thermoplastic.
Telephone instruments, cooker handles and electrical switches cannot be recycled as these are thermosetting plastics.
Question 9: Rana wants to buy shirts for summer. Should he buy cotton shirts or shirts made from synthetic material? Advise Rana, giving your reason.
Answer: Rana is advised to buy a cotton shirt for summers because cotton absorbs the sweat and the pores in cotton allows easy evaporation and keeps our body cool, whereas synthetic shirts don’t absorb sweat so, they are very uncomfortable to wear in summers.
Question 10: Give examples to show that plastics are noncorrosive in nature.
Answer: We can store various kinds of chemicals and other materials in plastic containers because they are non-reactive and does not react with water and air. Plastics are non-corrosive in nature, they do not react even if they come in contact with strong chemicals. For example, the cleaning chemicals that we use at home are stored in plastic bottles, instead of metal containers.
- Teflon, a kind of plastic is used as a coating to manufacture non-stick cookware.
- Bakelite is a poor conductor of heat and electricity so it is used for making electric switches and handles of the utensils.
- Melamine is used for making floor tiles and kitchenware.
Question 11: Should the handle and bristles of a tooth brush be made of the same material? Explain your answer.
Answer: The bristles of a toothbrush should be made of soft material so that it does not harm the gums and the handle should be made of hard material so that it can give a firm grip. Therefore, the bristles are made up of nylon fibres which are strong, elastic, lustrous, lightweight and easy to handle and the handle is made of hard plastic as it is strong, durable, poor conductor of heat and electricity.
Question 12: ‘Avoid plastics as far as possible’. Comment on this advice.
Answer: Nowadays, plastics become very important in our daily life, even though we should avoid them as far as possible as for the following reasons:
- Plastics are non-biodegradable and take a lot of time to decompose.
- Plastics are not eco-friendly. By burning plastics, poisonous fumes are released that cause air pollution.
- Sometimes cows and other animals may eat plastics present in the garbage which may choke their respiratory system and even cause death.
- The plastic left in the soil results in soil pollution.
- Plastic bags drained into the water bodies cause threat to the aquatic life also.
- Polybags choke the drains and sewage pipes thus causing a lot of trouble.
Question 13. Match the terms of column A correctly with the phrases given in column B
|(i) Polyester||(d) Fabrics do not wrinkle easily|
|(ii) Teflon||(c) Used to make non-stick cookwares|
|(iii) Rayon||(a) Prepared by using wood pulp|
|(iv) Nylon||(b) Used for making parachutes and stockings|
Question 14: ‘Manufacturing synthetic fibres is actually helping conservation of forests’. Comment.
Answer: Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres. These fibres are made from petrochemicals. For manufacturing synthetic fibres cutting of trees or killing of animals is not required and we can conserve our natural environment using synthetic fibres. Hence, ‘manufacturing synthetic fibres are actually helping conservation of forests’
Question 15: Describe an activity to show that thermoplastic is a poor conductor of electricity.
Answer: In order to show that thermoplastic is a poor conductor of electricity, we will design a circuit. For that, we need a bulb, some wires, a battery, a piece of metal and a plastic pipe (as shown in the figure below). After setting the experiment switch on the current, you will observe that the bulb glows in the former case. In the latter case, the bulb does not glow. Hence a plastic pipe (which is a thermoplastic) is shown to be a poor conductor of electricity.