NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws contain solutions to the exercises given in the Civics book Social and Political Life. These answers have been explained in a manner that you will easily understand all the concepts and get your doubts cleared without even seeking anyone’s assistance. You can read and download all the questions and answers in PDF format.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding Laws Ncert Textbook Questions Solved
Question 1: Write in your own words what you understand by the term the ‘rule of law’. In your response include a fictitious or real example of a violation of the rule of law.
Answer: The rule of law means is that all laws apply equally to all citizens of the country and no one can be above the law. Neither a government official nor a wealthy person nor even the President of the country is above the law. All persons in independent India are equal before the law. The law cannot discriminate between persons on the basis of their religion, caste or gender. There is a specific punishment for every crime or violation of law and also a specific process through which the guilt of the person has to be established. The punishment for any crime committed will be the same for every person, irrespective of his power or position.
For example, there are many politicians who own property worth crores but they do not even pay tax for the same. While filing the tax return, they show only a part of their total property and wealth. However, they are not questioned for this by the ordinary income tax officials because the officials have the fear of losing their jobs. This shows how people in power can easily violate the laws.
Question 2: State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.
Answer: Two reasons why historians refute to claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India are:
- The colonial law was arbitrary
- The Indian Nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India
Question 3: Re-read the storyboard on how a new law on domestic violence got passed. Describe in your own words the different ways in which women’s groups worked to make this happen.
Answer: A number of women’s groups worked hard to get the bill against domestic violence passed by the Government. For this they made the following efforts:
- They reported multiple cases of domestic violence to various forums like public protests, hearings, meetings with other organizations, press conferences and petitions to the government.
- A group of lawyers, law students and activists worked together for drafting the Domestic Violence Bill. The Bill was first introduced in Parliament in 2002, but it was not to the satisfaction of all.
- Several women’s organisations and National Commission for Women made submissions to the Parliamentary Standing Committee requesting changes in the Bill.
- In December 2002, the recommendations of the Standing Committee were submitted to the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
- A new bill, was reintroduced in Parliament in 2005. After being passed in both houses of Parliament, it was sent to the President for his assent.
- Finally, the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act came into effect in 2006.
Question 4: Write in your own words what you understand by the following sentence on page 44- 45: They also began fighting for greater equality and wanted to change the idea of law from a set of rules that they were forced to obey, to law as including ideas of justice.
Answer: This line refers to the protests of Indian nationalists against the violation of the rule of law by British authorities. Indians were discriminated against in their own country by the British colonists and the Sedition Act of 1870 was the most prolific example of the breach of the rule of law. This Act was remonstrated against by Indian freedom fighters in favour of a more just set of rules based on ideals of equality.
Many Indians began to practice the legal profession and used it to demand and gain equal rights for all. Thus, Indians played a major role in the evolution of the rule of law during times of colonial rule.