NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy help students to score good marks in the exams. These NCERT Solutions are prepared by expert teachers and available with free PDF download option. Here we have provided answers to all the questions in a very easy language.
Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy free PDF
|Book||NCERT Class 10 Geography|
|Chapter 7||Lifelines of National Economy|
Question 1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur
(b) Silcher and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi
Answer: (b) Silcher and Porbandar
(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?
Answer: (c) Pipeline
(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Answer: (b) Maharashtra
(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east cost?
Answer: (d) Vishakhapatnam
(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
Answer: (b) Railways
(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade
(b) International trade
(c) External trade
(d) Local trade
Answer: (b) International trade
Question 2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) State any three merits of roadways.
Answer: Merits of roadways are as follows:
- They are cheaper than railways in terms of construction costs.
- Roads can go through dissected and undulating land areas and through steep mountains.
- They are economical as loading costs are low and door to door service can be availed of.
(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?
Answer: In the northern plains, rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and huge population and high agricultural productivity, making rail transport a profitable venture.
(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?
Answer: Border roads are strategically important as they improve accessibility to areas like the northern and north eastern border areas which have a difficult terrain.
(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?
Answer: Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within the same country is called local trade.
Question 3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?
Answer: The means of transportation and communication are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the reasons given below:
- The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
- Transport helps in the development of communication. Various means of communication help us in interacting with others in all the parts of the world It has brought the world closer.
- Transport like railways helps us in conducting various activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage and transportation of goods over longer distances.
- Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil and natural gas to refineries and factories.
- Water provides the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
- Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.
Thus, it is clear that there are many advantages of transportation and communication. These means help in the development of the country. So they are called the lifelines of a nation and its economy.
(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.
Answer: The changing nature of the international trade for India, in the last fifteen years, has been impressive. Exchange of information and knowledge has surpassed exchange of goods and commodities. Through its advanced software knowledge and excellence in the field of information technology, India has emerged as a viable contender at the international level and is earning huge amounts of foreign exchange through the same. Tourism too has added to India’s upgraded position in international trade. In 2004, there was a 23.5% increase in foreign tourist arrivals as against the number in 2003. Thus, international trade for India has undergone a cognisable change in the past fifteen years.
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