NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Geography 2 Globe: Latitudes and Longitudes contain answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the geography book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.
NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 PDF
Class 6 Geography (The Earth: Our Habitat) Chapter 2 Questions and Answers
Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What is the true shape of the earth?
(b) What is a globe?
(c) What is the latitudinal value of the Tropic of Cancer?
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth?
(e) What are parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude?
(f) Why does the torrid zone receive maximum amount of heat?
(g) Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India and 12.00 noon in London?
(a) Earth is slightly flattened at the North and South Poles and bulges in the middle. The shape of the Earth is described as a ‘geoid’, that is, ‘an Earth-like shape’.
(b) Globe is the true model of the Earth.
(c) Latitudinal value of Tropic of cancer is 23½ ° N.
(d) The three heat zones are:
- Torrid Zone
- Temperate Zone
- Frigid Zone
(e) All parallel circles from the Equator up to the Poles are called parallels of latitudes.
The lines of references running from the North Pole to the South Pole are called meridians of longitudes.
(f) The Ton-id Zone receives the maximum heat when the mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
(g) In London, the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is followed. The Indian Standard Meridian is located 82½° east of the Prime Meridian. Thus the Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of GMT. So, when it is 12 noon in London, it is 5.30 P.M. in India.
Question 2: Tick the correct answer.
(a) The value of the prime meridian is
(i) 90 °
Answer: (ii) 0°
(b) The frigid zone lies near
(i) the Poles
(ii) the Equator
(iii) the Tropic of Cancer
Answer: (i) The poles
(c) The total number of longitudes are
Answer: (ii) 180
(d) The Antarctic Circle is located in
(i) the Northern hemisphere
(ii) the Southern hemisphere
(iii) the Eastern hemisphere
Answer: (ii) the southern hemisphere
(e) Grid is a network of
(i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(ii) the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
(iii) the North Pole and the South Pole
Answer: (i) parallels of latitudes and meridians of longitudes
Question 3: Fill in the blanks.
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at ______
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is ________
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as _______
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards ______
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the _______ hemisphere.
Answer: (a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23½° N.
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is 82°30′ E Longitude.
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as Prime Meridian.
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards poles.
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in the northern hemisphere.