NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 3 In the Earliest Cities contains answers to all the questions given in the exercise of the history book. These solutions have been created on the basis of NCERT Book Guidelines. The solutions are prepared in simple language by our subject experts to help students in their exam preparation.
Class 6 History Chapter 3 In the Earliest Cities Questions and Answers
Question 1: How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilization?
Answer: Actual pieces of cloth have been found in Mohenjodaro, attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects. Spindle whorls have also been discovered, which were used to spin thread. This indicates cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation.
Question 2: Match the columns
Question 3: Why were metals, writing, the wheel and the plough important for the Harappans?
Answer: Metals – used for making tools, ornaments, vessels, weapons
Writing – for communication purpose
Wheel – for pottery and for making carts used for travelling.
Plough – used for farming purpose.
Question 4: Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing the most?
- Toy Plough
- Toy Cart
- Many Terracota toys in the shape of different animals.
Question 5: Make a list of what the Harappans ate and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.
Answer: We can find a list of 9 different items.
Question 6: Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in Chapter 2? Give reasons for your answer.
Answer: Some points of difference between the lives of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities, and those of the previous chapter:
(i) Tools: Harappan farmers and herders used a wooden tool called plough which was used for turning the soil and planting seeds. The earlier farmers and herder used mortars and pestle for grinding grain. Their tools were also made of bone.
(ii) Irrigation: Harappan farmers and herders used irrigation for better productivity while the earlier ones did not.
(iii) Storage: The Harappan farmers stored food in well-built granaries and not in clay pots, baskets, etc.
(iv) Residence: Harappan farmers lived on the outskirts of cities, whereas there were no settled cities in the time of the farmers and herders.