NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 On Equality contains answers to the exercise questions given in the “Social and Political Life -II”. All the answers provided here are accurate and simple that will help you understand the concepts easily and continue your studies without a doubt. These solutions will also help you to score higher marks with the help of well-illustrated answers. All the questions and answers are provided here in PDF format.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 1 On Equality Questions and Answers
Question 1: In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important?
Answer: Universal adult franchise is important in a democracy because it is based on the idea of equality. The citizens are assured that everyone has one vote irrespective of their gender or socio-economic status.
Question 2: Re-read the box on Article 15 and state two ways in which this Article addresses inequality?
Answer: Article 15 addresses inequality in terms of discrimination based on religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth etc. It also addresses the fact that the use of public places such as wells, tanks, bathing Ghats, roads under full or partial government funding are not subject to discrimination based on the criteria’s mentioned above.
Question 3: In what ways was Omprakash Valmiki’s experience similar to that of the Ansaris?
Answer: Omprakash Valmiki’s experience was similar to the Ansaris in the following ways:
- Both of them were discriminated against because of their birth, which is prohibited under Article 15.
- Both of them had to suffer unequal treatment because they belonged to a different caste and religion.
- Both of them were not given an equal opportunity.
Question 4: What do you understand by the term “all persons are equal before the law”? Why do you think it is important in a democracy?
Answer: By the term “all persons are equal before the law” we understand that the law applies to everyone irrespective of their class, caste or gender and the law expects everyone to treat others as equal. This is important in a democracy so as to preserve the true nature of a democratic society where everyone’s dignity is respected.
Question 5: The Government of India passed the Disabilities Act in 1995. This law states that persons with disabilities have equal rights and that the government should make possible their full participation. The government has to provide free education and integrate children with disabilities into mainstream schools. This law also states that all public spaces including buildings, school etc. should be accessible and provided with ramps.
Look at the photograph and think about the boy who is being carried with the stair. Do you think that the law stated above is being implemented in this regard? What needs to be done to make the building accessible?
Answer: The law is not being implemented in his case. To make the building more accessible to him wheelchair ramps should be constructed. Being carried down the stairs is unsafe because he might slip and fall from his wheelchair. At the same time it injures his dignity because he has to rely on others thereby making him conscious of his disability.