NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Civics Social Science Chapter 3 How The State Government Works

Question 1: Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA and how is the person elected?

Answer: Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly and each state is divided into different areas or constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Each MLA belongs to a particular political party. MLAs are elected by the people and form the government, hence, they represent the people.

Question 2: How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.

Answer: Some MLAs become ministers when their party wins more than half the number of constituencies in a state and thus, is in majority. The MLAs from the ruling party can elect an MLA from their party to become the Chief Minister of the state. The Chief Minister then selects other people as ministers. After the elections, it is the Governor of the state who appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.

Question 3: Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?

Answer: Decisions taken by the chief minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly because these decisions have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly. The MLAs are collectively responsible for the work that the government does.

Question 4: What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press Conference
Chief minister

Answer:

Public meetingCondemned the government, carried out protests and put forth their demand
Legislative AssemblyDiscussed the issue and decided the course of action
Press ConferenceThe health minister presented the plan of action initiated by the Govt
Chief MinisterVisited the village of Patalpuram, announced compensation to the affected families, also clarified the future action that will be taken to solve the problem

Question 5: What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the assembly and the work done by government departments?

Answer: The difference between the work that the MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by the government is that MLAs raise and debate issues and decisions in the Assembly whereas the government departments implement the decisions made by the Legislative Assembly.

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