NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources contain solutions to the exercises given in the Geography book Resources and Development. These answers have been explained in a manner that you will easily understand all the concepts and get your doubts cleared without even seeking anyone’s assistance. You can read and download all the questions and answers in PDF format.

Class 8 Geography Resources Ncert Textbook Questions and Answers


Question 1. Answer the following questions.

(i) Why are resources distributed unequally over the earth?

Answer: The distribution of resources depends upon a number of physical factors like terrain, climate and altitude. Since these factors differ so much over the Earth, the distribution of resources is unequal.

(ii) What is resource conservation?

Answer: Saving the resources for future generations is called conservation. It is the protection and ethical use of valuable resources such as minerals, water, trees, wildlife and others. Resource conservation basically focuses on maintaining the natural world in order to protect the sources of resources.

(iii) Why are human resources important?

Answer: Humans as a resource are important because they can make the best use of nature to create more resources using their knowledge, skill and technology. Education and health help in making humans a valuable resource.

(iv) What is sustainable development?

Answer: Balancing the need to use resources and also conserve them for the future is called sustainable development. In other words, carefully utilizing resources so that besides meeting the present requirements it also takes care of the need of future generations is what is known as sustainable development.

Question 2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which one of the following does NOT make substance a resource?
(a) utility (b) value (c) quantity

Answer: (c) Quantity

(ii) Which one of the following is a human made resource?

(a) medicines to treat cancer
(b) spring water
(c) tropical forests

Answer: (a) Medicines to treat cancer

(iii) Complete the statement.

Non-renewable resources are

(a) those which have limited stock
(b) made by human beings
(c) derived from non-living things

Answer: (a) those which have limited stock

Extra Questions

Question 1: Differentiate between the followings.
(a) Potential and actual resources
(b) Ubiquitous and localised resources

Answer: (a) Potential and actual resources

Potential resourcesActual resources
A resource whose entire quantity is not known.A resource whose quantity is known.  
Not being used at present, but could be used in the future.Being used in the present.  
The present level of technology is not advanced enough to utilise it.The present level of technology is advanced enough to utilise it.
Example: The uranium found in Ladakh, which could be used in the future.Example: The dark soils of the Deccan plateau in Maharashtra.

(b) Ubiquitous and localised resources

Ubiquitous resourceLocalised resource
A resource which is found everywhere.A resource which is found only in certain places.
Example: The air we breathe.Example: Copper.

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