NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 1 How, When and Where contain solutions to the exercises given in the History book Our Pasts -III. These answers have been explained in a manner that you will easily understand all the concepts and get your doubts cleared without even seeking anyone’s assistance. You can read and download all the questions and answers in PDF format.
Class 8 History Chapter 1 How, When and Where Ncert Textbook Questions Solved
Question 1: State whether true or false:
(a) James Mill divided Indian History into three periods- Hindu, Muslim, and Christian
(b) Official documents help us to understand what the people of the country think.
(c) The British thought surveys were important for effective administration.
Question 2: What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian History that James Mill offers?
Answer: James Mill divided his book into three period, namely: Hindu Muslims and British. According to his prejudiced version of Indian history, the British rule represents all the forces of progress and civilisation, while the period before British rule represents darkness, ignorance, despotism, religious intolerance, caste taboos, superstitious practises, etc. The view of Mill has several problems which is not acceptable due to reasons:
(i) All the Asian societies were less civilised than the European ones. So the British could civilize India by conquering all the territories of India.
(ii) The Hindus and the Muslims are not capable of ruling India.
(iii) All rulers in ancient India did not share the same faith. So naturally there wouldn’t be religious tolarance. This will be a hindrance to the progress, enlightenment and happiness of the nation.
Thus the problem with the periodisation Indian history that James Mill offers is that the subjective account of a historian distorts the facts.
Question 3: Why did the British preserve official documents?
Answer: British had preserved official documents because they thought if they write and record everything, it will later be easier for them to study them and debate. They kept official records of what they thought was right so that in the future, those records can serve as proofs of all the decisions that they had taken.
Question 4: How will the information historians get from old newspapers be different from that found in police reports?
Answer: Information is essential for writing history of a time which can be gathered from various sources. Apart from official documents in the archives, historians gather information also from old newspapers, diaries of people, accounts of pilgrims, autobiographies of important personalities and booklets etc.
Information found in newspapers is varied, based on incidents that have happened across the country. They may be showcasing incidents based on the views and thinking of the correspondents, news editors etc.
Whereas, the police reports are true, pragmatic, limited and localized. Because of this fact, sometimes the information historians get from the old newspapers, are not as useful as it is from that found in police reports. However, for any incidence the newspaper may not quote all the reasons behind it and it would be biased as per the thinking of reporter while in police records we could find some evidences for an incident and unbiased reports.