NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 India Size And Location

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 “India-Size And Location” contains answers to the exercise questions given in ‘Contemporary India’. These solutions will help students for the preparation of CBSE Class 9 SST exam. All the answers are useful for exams as most of the questions are asked from the NCERT textbooks. So, students can study these solutions and score high in their exams.

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 1: India Size And Location PDF

Question 1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through

(a) Rajasthan
(b) Orissa
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Tripura

Answer: (c) Orissa

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is

(a) 97° 25′ E
(b) 68° 7′ E
(c) 77° 6′ E
(d) 82° 32′ E

Answer: (a) 97°25′E

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with

(a) China
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar

Answer: (c) Nepal

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to

(a) Puducherry
(b) Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Diu and Daman

Answer: (c) Lakshadweep

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.

(a) Bhutan
(b) Tajikistan
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal

Answer: (b) Tajikistan

Question 2: Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian sea.

Answer: Lakshadweep

(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.

Answer: Russia, Canada, China, USA, Brazil and Australia

(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?

Answer: Andaman and Nicobar group of islands.

(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?

Answer: Maldives, Sri Lanka.

Question 3: The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?

Answer: The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°. Despite this fact, the east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent. From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh there is a time lag of two hours. Hence, time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country. The latitudinal extent influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north.

Question 4: The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?

Answer: India is a southward extension of the Asian continent and is located in a central position between the East and West Asia. The Indian Ocean provides a strategic central location to India, as it connects the East Asian countries with the country of Europe in the West. The Deccan Peninsula also protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast. There is no other country like India in the world, which has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean and thus, justifying the naming of an ocean after it.


Question 1: Identify the following with the help of map reading.

(i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.

Solution: Lakshadweep

(ii) The countries constituting Indian Subcontinent.

Solution: Countries which make the Indian subcontinent are Pakistan in the north-west, India at the core, Nepal in the north, Bhutan in the north-east and Bangladesh in the east.

(iii) The states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.

Solution: Tropic of Cancer passes through the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura and Mizoram.

(iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees.

Solution: 37°6′ N

(v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees.

Solution: 8°4′ N

(vi) The eastern and the western most longitude in degrees.

Solution: Western – 68°7′ E, Eastern – 97°25′ E

(vii) The place situated on the three seas.

Solution: Kanyakumari

(viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India.

Solution: The Palk Strait.

(ix) The Union Territories of India.

Solution: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Puducherry (Pondicherry).

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