NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population contains answers to the exercise questions given in ‘Contemporary India’. These solutions will help students for the preparation of CBSE Class 9 SST exam. All the answers are useful for exams as most of the questions are asked from the NCERT textbooks. So, students can study these solutions and score high in their exams.
NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Chapter 6: Population PDF
Question 1: Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) none of the above
Answer: (b) both the area of departure and arriva
(ii) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectancies
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples
Answer: (a) high birth rates
(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to
(a) the total population of an area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males
Answer: (a) the total population of an area
(iv) According to the Census 2001, a “literate” person is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)
Answer: (c) is 7 year old and can read and write any language with understanding
Question 2: Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?
Answer: The decline is due to greater awareness and usage of birth control measures
(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.
Answer: The major components of population growth are Birth Rate, Death Rate and Migration. The difference between birth rate and death rate accounts for natural increase in population. Immigration refers to the inflow of people into a region from other regions.
(iii) Define age structure, death rate and birth rate.
Answer: Age structure: It is the proportion of a population in different age groups.
Death rate: The number of deaths per 1000 persons in a year.
Birth rate: The number of live births for every 1000 persons in a year.
(iv) How is migration a determinant factor of population change?
Answer: Migration is an important determinant of population change. It changes not only the population size but also the population composition of urban and rural populations in terms of age and sex composition. In India, the rural-urban migration has resulted in a steady increase in the percentage of population in cities and towns.
Question 3: Distinguish between population growth and population change.
|Population Growth||Population Change|
|It refers to the increase in the number of inhabitants of a region during a specific period of time.||It refers to the change in the distribution, composition or size of a population during a specific period of time.|
|Natural increase of population and immigration are the major components causing population growth.||Natural increase, immigration and emigration are the major components causing population change.|
Question 4: What is the relation between occupational structure and development?
Answer: In less developing countries, a very high percentage of the population is involved in forestry, agriculture, animal husbandry etc., also known as primary occupations.
On the other hand, in more developing countries, a high percentage of the population is involved in manufacturing.
Where in more developed countries, a major portion of the population is involved in professions like commerce, transport, banking etc., also known as tertiary occupations.
Question 5: What are the advantages of having a healthy population?
Answer: The advantages of having a healthy population are:
- A healthy individual is much more efficient and productive than an unhealthy individual.
- He or she is able to realise his or her potential, and play an important role in social and national development.
- Absenteeism is low where the workers are healthy.
Question 6: What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?
Answer: The National Population Policy 2000 provides a policy framework for:
- Imparting free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age.
- Reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
- Achieving universal immunization of children against all vaccine-preventable diseases.
- Promoting delayed marriage and child bearing
- Making family welfare a people-centred programme.
- Providing nutritional services and food supplements to adolescents.
- Protecting adolescents from unwanted pregnancies and sexually-transmitted diseases, and educating them about the risks of unprotected sex.
- Making contraceptive services accessible and affordable.